What are Signs of Gum Disease?

dayton Gum disease is a common dental problem for patients. Patients of all ages can get gum disease and knowing what to look for will help you know when it is time to see your dentist for treatment. There are three stages of gum disease with the most mild being easily treated and reversible. The more severe stage can bring about many other dental problems and even pose serious risks to your overall health and wellbeing.

Below we will review the signs of gum disease to give you an idea of what to look for so you can be proactive about your dental health!

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease

Some patients with early stages of gum disease may not even realize that they have it. Gingivitis is the first stage and is considered the most mild and is usually reversible. Gingivitis occurs when plaque builds up along the gumline where it can harden and turn into tartar, or calculus. This buildup can cause irritation and infection along the gumline.

Some other signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Bleeding of the gums when brushing or flossing
  • Puffy, red, and tender gums
  • Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth that won’t go away
  • Loose teeth

Left untreated, gingivitis can progress into the second stage of gum disease called periodontitis. At this stage, the situation is a little more dire and requires professional attention. While it can still be treated, periodontitis causes irreversible damage to surrounding structures of the teeth.

If periodontitis is allowed to progress even further, it reaches a stage called advanced periodontitis. At this point, jaw bone structure can be compromised and it is not uncommon for patients to risk losing teeth. Your bite can change which can cause trouble eating and speaking.

Preventing Gum Disease

When it comes to dental care, prevention is always easier and less costly than treatment. To avoid developing gum disease, is important to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing at least twice daily with a soft bristled toothbrush and to floss at least once a day. Brushing too aggressively can actually cause your gums to recede and lead to tooth sensitivity.  You may also consider incorporating an anti-bacterial mouthwash into your oral care routine.

Brushing and flossing works to disrupt the plaque that can build up, turn into tartar and cause gum disease. This will help keep your mouth at a healthy status between professional dental cleanings.

It is important to see your dentist for a professional cleaning at least twice a year. If you are prone to gum disease, your dentist may rise that you add an additional cleaning each year. it is not uncommon for susceptible patients to have three or four cleanings per year.

If your dental hygienist or dentist determines that you are suffering from some form of gum disease, they may advise that you have scaling and root planing. This is a deep cleaning for which a local anesthetic is administered. Your hygienist will be able to reach well below the gum line to remove the plaque and infection.

If you suspect that you may have a form of gum disease, it is important to see your dentist as soon as possible!

More on Gum Disease : Gum Disease Treatments